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2 edition of Acid precipitation and its effects on phytoplankton communities of Carlyle Lake, Ontario. found in the catalog.

Acid precipitation and its effects on phytoplankton communities of Carlyle Lake, Ontario.

Norman David Yan

Acid precipitation and its effects on phytoplankton communities of Carlyle Lake, Ontario.

by Norman David Yan

  • 172 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English


The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21315999M

  Ocean acidification is having a dangerous effect on phytoplankton, the largest source of the planet’s oxygen and the cornerstone of the marine food chain. Scientists aboard the RV Melville are studying the effects of carbon saturation on phytoplankton, also known as microalgae, along the western coast of the United States. Chlorophyll concentrations can vary widely in lakes over time, location and depth (Carpenter , Fee ). Linking watershed effects and lake management with changes in phytoplankton requires knowing what causes the variation in chlorophyll across these spatial and temporal scales and what factors limit the growth of phytoplankton.

  However, natural phytoplankton communities typically prefer to take up nitrogen in the reduced form of ammonium rather than the oxidized forms nitrite and nitrate. In the present study, there was no correlation between total phytoplankton abundance and ammonium, whereas there was a negative correlation between diatoms and ammonium (r = −). Ecology of Phytoplankton Phytoplankton communities dominate the pelagic ecosystems that cover 70% of the world’s surface area. In this marvellous new book Colin Reynolds deals with the adaptations, physiology and popula-tion dynamics of the phytoplankton communities of lakes and rivers, of seas and the great oceans.

MORPHOMETRY Lake Ontario is the smallest of the Great Lakes in terms of 2 2 surface area, 19,km (7,mi), with a drainage area of 90,km2 (34,mi).2 The mean depth of Lake Ontario, 90 meters ( feet), is second only to Lake Superior for the Great Lakes and can be considered one of its most important physical 23 33 features. Very little research has been done on the effects changing ocean pH has on the food source of shellfish. However, since one of the issues shellfish have with changing ocean pH is that they have less energy to take care of other vital needs like obtaining food, researching how changing ocean pH affects the phytoplankton could be significant.


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Acid precipitation and its effects on phytoplankton communities of Carlyle Lake, Ontario by Norman David Yan Download PDF EPUB FB2

Phytoplankton of an Acidic Lake, and Its Responses to Experimental Alterations of pH - Volume 5 Issue 2 - Norman David Yan, Pamela StokesCited by:   Literature concerning the impacts of acidification on the phytoplankton and zooplankton composition has been reviewed.

Available data on the species richness and composition of phytoplankton, attached algae and zooplankton of acidifying systems have been summarized. The effects of water acidification on the primary productivity and biomass of Cited by:   Most studies investigating the effect of temperature on plankton communities have focused on the effects of temperature on the mixing of the stratified water column and the resulting effects of light limitation on phytoplankton, especially in deep lakes (Diehl ; Berger et al.

; Tirok and Gaedke ) or on the coupling of phytoplankton Cited by: Phytoplankton community of an acidified, heavy metal-Contaminated lake near Sudbury, Ontario: Article (PDF Available) in Water Air and Soil Pollution 11(1) September with.

auth tamm, c. cita p i s a p f e ppv also«wasp 7( year oesc acio precipitation* soils* sweden acno a n c.l 37 titl auth cita year acno ^36~xltl auth cita year acno titl auth cita year acno acio precipitation ano its effect on phytoplankton communities of carlyle lake, ontario.

yan, n. m.s. thesis. The phytoplankton productivity over two years in a lake heavily loaded by acid mine drainage was very low. Algal assays indicated that below pH the water, if buffered and fertilized with phosphorus, resulted in log growth.

Above pH algal log growth could be induced with phosphorus addition only. However, an in situ bag experiment was done in the lake and. In a lake with km 2 surface area, phytoplankton biomass showed local changes and it was determined as ± g/m 3, ± g/m 3 and ± g/m 3 in west, mid and east part of the lake respectively.

The effects of acidity on primary production, species composition, and abundance of phytoplankton were investigated in six lakes in the Sudbury area of Ontario, where pH values lay between   Age composition of a sample of yellow perch taken from Patten Lake, Ontario (84).

6 EFFECTS OF ACIDIC DEPOSITION ON AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS those in a nearby circumneutral lake. The females with the lower levels of.

study was to explore the effects of phytoplankton diversity on community stability and characterize the underlying mechanisms in a natural ecosystem. Materials and Methods Study Area Lake Nansihu ( 34’ E~ 21’ E, 34 27’ N~35 20’ N) is located in Shandong Province (Figure1). Additions of sulfuric acid to the South Basin and nitric acid to the North Basin of Lake caused major changes in the phytoplankton communities.

The basins were separated by a nylon-reinforced vinyl sea curtain. In the South Basin, below pHspecies composition shifted from chrysophycean dominance to one of Dinophyceae. Ke Rao, Xiang Zhang, Xiang-Jun Yi, Zheng-Shan Li, Ping Wang, Guang-Wei Huang, Xiao-Xi Guo, Interactive effects of environmental factors on phytoplankton communities and benthic nutrient interactions in a shallow lake and adjoining rivers in China, Science of The Total Environment, /env, ().

Relationships between phytoplankton communities and lake acidity are being studied at Woods Lake (pH ca. ), Sagamore Lake (pH ca. ), and Panther Lake (pH ca. Numbers of phytoplankton species observed as of J are Wo Sagam and Pant conforming to other. Reichert, J.

Mieleitner, in Encyclopedia of Ecology, Model overview. PROTECH is designed to make simulations of the dynamic changes in the populations of different species of phytoplankton within a reservoir or lake environment which may be subject to thermal stratification, periodic destratification, and hydraulic exchange.

Chlorophyll a, phosphorous. For instance, the team used a numerical model to see how phytoplankton as a whole will migrate significantly, with most populations shifting toward the poles as the planet warms. Based on global simulations, however, they found the most dramatic effects stemmed from ocean acidification.

Secchi disc readings as an auxilliary measure to characterize optical conditions. k[ R.A. Vollenweider (ed). A manual for measuring primary production in aquatic environments.

IBP Handbook No. Blackwell Scientific Publications. YAN, N.O. Acid precipitation and its effects on phytoplankton communities of Carlyle Lake, Ontario.

Phytoplankton community responses to nutrient additions in LakeExperimental Lakes Area, northwestern Ontario. Can.

Fish. Aquat. Sci. 44 (Suppl. 1): 36 Findlay, D.L. and Kling, HJ. Seasonal succession of phytoplankton in seven lake basins in the Experimental Lakes Area, northwestern Ontario, following artificial eutrophication.

How does acid precipitation effect humans. -toxic metals are released into the environment, which find their way into crops, water, and fish, which poisons the human body -dissolves calcium carbonate on limestone buildings and statues.

INTRODUCTION. Several studies have discussed the effects of environmental factors on phytoplankton dynamics (Boney, ; De Huszar and Caraco, ; Kagalou et al., ; Hassan et al., ; Susanne et al., ). The influence of various factors on the seasonal appearance of phytoplankton differs significantly, with physical factors (such as temperature.

Acid precipitation can cause a drop in the pH of soil and water called acidification. This changes the balance of a soil's chemistry in several ways which can negatively affect plants by releasing toxic metals into the roots of plants.

Acid precipitation can effect aquatic ecosystems known as acid shock (rapid change in the water's pH). [This is a repost from my May 8 article – see here for more on acid ocean impacts — Stephen] By Stephen Leahy.

UXBRIDGE, Canada, May 8, (IPS) Without major reductions in the use of fossil fuels, sunlight will kill an unknown number of ocean phytoplankton, the planet’s most important organism, a new study reports this week.The effects of acidity on primary production, species composition, and abundance of phytoplankton were investigated in six lakes in the Sudbury area of Ontario, where pH values lay between and Significant relationships showing an increase in water transparency and decrease in chlorophyll a concentration with declining pH were found.

This effect of ocean acidification was incorporated into a global marine ecosystem model to explore how marine phytoplankton communities might be impacted over the course of a hypothetical twenty.